The humans’ fascination with the sea dates back hundreds of years. With fisherman, explorers, pirates and captains, the relationship between men and water has been tumultuous and beneficial. It’s quite a stunning fact that we have explored less than 5% of the ocean. Much remains to be learned from exploring the mysteries of the dark seas. Most of what we know came from the art of diving, and more specifically the development of scuba diving in the middle of the twentieth century.
All thanks to the Famous Jacques Cousteau
In the world of the aquatic enthusiast, none is more well-known than Jacques Cousteau, the famous French explorer, inventor, and filmmaker. Back in the 1940’s while working for the Navy. Jacques Cousteau was dissatisfied with the old model of scubas available. They were unpractical and did not provide air for long.
He invented the first popular open-circuit scuba, which means that the diver’s exhaled breathed is expulsed directly into the water, removing the need to deoxygenate the air. This particular option increased the time divers were able to spend underwater.
Did you know that scuba is an acronym? It stands for “self-contained underwater breathing apparatus”, a name created by the American army. The appellation became well known during World War II. The scuba is now used in a multitude of field such as ship wreckage research and forensics. The army used many scuba divers to place mines, or disposing of bombs. Also shown in the Police TV Shows is the “search and rescue”. Its role is to help fight crime with elements found under water (whether it’s a body, a gun, or clues). Finally, many divers use scuba to do underwater photography or research. Scientific fields have evolved thanks to the scuba such as marine biology, oceanography and archaeology.
“The sea, once it casts its spell, holds one in its net of wonder forever.” – Jacques Cousteau